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East Sea has stronger legitimacy than Sea of Japan

News via hancinema.net
East Sea has stronger legitimacy than Sea of Japan

College students take part in a campaign at Gwanghwamun Square in central Seoul early this month to promote the East Sea ahead of the International Hydrographic Organization's general meeting in Monaco April 23-27. The organization will determine how to describe the body of water between the Korean Peninsula and Japan in the world's most creditable guideline for maps./ Korea Times file

Long-festering naming controversy to be debated in IHO meeting next week

"Until the East Sea's waves are dry, Mt. Baekdu are worn away, as God protects our land, our Korea lasts forever, manse!..." This is part of the Korean national anthem "Aegukka".

The "East Sea" ("Donghae" in Korean) is mentioned in the first line of "Aegukka", literally meaning an ode to Koreans' patriotism. The East Sea is not just a body of water - it is the history of Korea, the soul of Koreans. So, it's not up for geographical appellation debate.

The East Sea, or the "Sea of Japan?" What to call the body of water bordered by Korea, Japan and Russia remains controversial. The Republic of Korea insists on the East Sea, while Japan claims it's the Sea of Japan.

Koreans have called the waters the East Sea for about 2,000 years, as seen in their national anthem, according to historical documents. The Sea of Japan has been in use since the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), a body in charge of naming the oceans and seas, used the name in its first edition of "Limits of Oceans and Seas" in 1929. The long-festering controversy will again be debated in an IHO general meeting in Monaco from April 23 to 27.

In general, geographical names reflect the history, culture, lifestyle and philosophy of the people who use them. The name East Sea is no exception. The East Sea, a name deeply rooted in the lives of the Korean people, first appears in a historical document dating back to as early as 59 B.C. In the "History of the Three Kingdoms" ("Samguksagi", ), the name East Sea was used in a chapter on King Dongmyeong, the founder of Goguryeo (one of the three ancient kingdoms in Korea). This proves that the name East Sea dates back more than 2,000 years, 1,700 years before the first appearance of the name Sea of Japan in "Mappamondo", a publication by Italian missionary Matteo Ricci in 1602.

Historically, the East Sea has been an integral part of Korean history. It's not up for a matter of debate.

It has a stronger claim over the Sea of Japan. A noteworthy example of the use of the name East Sea is the inscription on the stele of King Gwanggaeto of the Goguryeo Kingdom in 414 A.D. Since the territory of Goguryeo at that time extended as far as Manchuria in China, the name East Sea encompassed the waters not only east of the Korean Peninsula but east of the entire Eurasian continent as well. The stele was erected by King Jangsu in 414 A.D. in memory of the great work of his father, King Gwanggaeto of the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 B.C.-668 A.D.).

Nowadays, many of the world's prominent cartographers and the media are beginning to recognize the validity of the name East Sea, and have moved away from the single use of Sea of Japan to the concurrent use of both names.

In some cases they even use only the name East Sea. In this view, the single use of Sea of Japan is problematic. Such trends suggest growing support and understanding for the name East Sea in the international community.

Japan is also starting to acknowledge that many prominent mapmaking companies are changing from the single use of Sea of Japan to the concurrent use of both names. Studies carried out by Japan and Korea respectively show that maps using both names concurrently are on the rise, increasing from 2.8 percent in 2000 to 10.8 percent (18.1 percent in the case of commercial maps) in 2005, followed by 23.8 percent in 2007 and then to 28.07 percent in 2009. These can be confirmed in such materials as booklets by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs called "Sea of Japan" (2002) and "A Historical Overview of the Name 'Sea of Japan'" and surveys by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea in 2007 and 2009.

According to Dr. David Munro, a British scholar of toponymy, geographical names are an expression of perceptions of a place, a means of communication about that place and a way of referencing. Since geographical names are a part of the lives of the people who use them, it is common practice to give the highest priority to the names used by local people when deciding on a name for international use.

More in favor of East Sea

Lying between Korea and Japan and extending north toward Russia, the area in question includes the territorial waters and exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of the countries encircling it. In other words, several countries share jurisdiction and sovereign rights over the sea. Furthermore, the body of water falls within the definition of a "semi-enclosed sea" as set out in the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea. A "semi-enclosed sea" is a gulf, basin or sea surrounded by two or more states and connected to another sea or the ocean by a narrow outlet or consisting entirely or primarily of the territorial seas and exclusive economic zones of the two or more coastal states.

When two or more countries share a geographical feature, its designation is generally standardized through consultations between the countries concerned. If efforts to standardize it fail, however, the names used by each of the countries are used concurrently. This general rule of international cartography is also confirmed in the IHO Technical Resolution A4.2.6. adopted in 1974 and the United Nations Resolution in the Standardization of Geographical Names III/20 adopted in 1977.

International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution A4.2.6 International Standardization of Geographical Names (1974) states:

"It is recommended that when two or more countries share a given geographical feature (such as a bay, strait, channel or archipelago) under a different name form, they should endeavor to reach an agreement on fixing a single name for the feature concerned. If they have different official languages and cannot agree on a common name form, it is recommended that the name forms of each of the languages in question should be accepted for charts and publications unless technical reasons prevent this practice on small scale charts, e.g. English Channel/La Manche".

Japan has continuously put forward a false argument that the name Sea of Japan has been authorized by the United Nations. However, it is the United Nations Secretariat, not the United Nations itself that uses Sea of Japan. This is merely a practice of convenience, which is not relevant to the opinions of the 193 member states of the United Nations. The U.N. Secretariat uses Sea of Japan in accordance with a practice to use the most widespread and generally recognized denomination in the absence of an internationally agreed standard. However, the U.N. Secretariat has clarified that its use of Sea of Japan does not constitute an official position of the United Nations but rather a practice of the Secretariat.

Furthermore, it emphasized that the practice should not be interpreted as advocating or endorsing any party's position, and can in no way be invoked by any party in support of a particular position on the matter. Therefore, Japan's argument is obviously a misleading interpretation of the U.N. Secretariat's practice and is clearly false.

More than half of the IHO's working group on the standardization of geographical names rejected a proposal to name the 978,000-square-kilometer area the Sea of Japan. The working group is made up of experts from 27 of the intergovernmental consultative organization's 80 member countries.

The chairman of the IHO working group recently asked its 27 members, including the United States and China, to give their opinion on a compromise deal, which would name it the Sea of Japan and use the East Sea as an alternative name in the appendix.

In this regard, it was confirmed that slightly more than half of them expressed their disapproval for the proposal. China has indirectly expressed its displeasure with the suggestion, saying the "decision should be reached through a consensus". France and Australia have reportedly expressed strong support for Korea's demand to use both the East Sea and Sea of Japan to refer to the body of water.

The appellation Sea of Japan is a legacy of Tokyo's brutal 35-year colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula, which ended in 1945 upon its defeat in World War II. Japan is believed to have begun to refer to the disputed area as the Sea of Japan in the late 18th century. It has been the dominant name for the body of water in the past century as it was commonly adopted by cartographers during the Japanese colonial rule of Korea. It is nonsensical to name a sea surrounded by four countries after only one of them.

Some experts have said that is common to name the body of water after the land on the left side of the sea, which in this case would be Korea, or the Sea of Korea, according to Philip Iglauer, an expert well versed in the appellation of oceans and seas. We live in a postcolonial world and we need postcolonial sensitivity.

Park Chang-seok is a research fellow of the Korea Institute of Public Administration (KIPA) under the Prime Minister's Office. Park, a former managing editor of The Korea Times and a Kyung Hee University professor, is currently working on a book titled "Korean Maritime Sovereignty'' planned to be published around the end of this year.

TWICE’s Dahyun Showed to sign in for Next “Real Men” Feminine Soldier Special

News via soompi.com
TWICE’s Dahyun Showed  to sign in for Next “Real Men” Feminine Soldier Special

TWICEs Dahyun Showedto register for Next Genuine Men Feminine Soldier Specialan0ya February 11, 2016 0 Dahyun of popular womanteam TWICE can beactingat the upcoming female soldier special of MBCs army variety Real Men.

Other stars set to connect the fourth circular are FIESTARs Cao Lu, After Schools Nana, and actresses Gong Hyun Joo and Lee Chae Young. This season, the solid will get preserve of training at the Korea Defense force Nursing Academy, providingaudiencea glance into the schoolinggadget of Koreas military scientific team.

The filming will be kicked off via the finish of February, and the first episode featuring new female infantrymen is expected to air early next month.

Netizens Livid At CEO Of Celebrity Empire Entertainment After News of MISTREATMENT Of 9MUSES Members

News via koreaboo.com
Netizens Livid At CEO Of Celebrity Empire Entertainment After News of MISTREATMENT Of 9MUSES Members

On the show, the 9MUSES member published that the CEO of her agency Star Empire Entertainment always ignores her greetings when she meets him, to the marvel of viewers. The singer extra revealed the extraordinarypoint of favoritism in the corporatethrough adding that the CEO Shin Joo Hak doesnt do the similar to her label mates Kwanghee, Siwan, and Hyungshik, and that on one instance he even talented Kwanghee with a bag. Upon hearing this, many netizens expressed pity for Kyungri and lamented on the significance of luck and status to idols.

Koreaboo has gathered reactions from Netizens who commented on the normal article from our Korean source. The underneath comments are the maximumsmartly liked comments at the time of this article being published.

912, 11 Even in university some seniors would make a large deal about greeting them and if you make just forget about y'all and walk by..I hate the onesfolks that CEO most likely has a bad personality too

Kim Gu Ra depends on his son each time he is going via a tricky time

News via allkpop.com
Kim Gu Ra depends on his son each time  he is going  via  a tricky time

Kim Gu Ra has plenty of unconditional love for his son Donghyun, greaterreferred to as MC Gree to some, and it could not exist more obviousgazingthe newest recording consultation of JTBC's 'Old Space New House,' on which Donghyun himself guested. 

On the set, Kim Gu Ra admitted, "When I am not feeling smartly or going viaa coarse patch, I turn to my son Donghyun. He's kindhearted and sure so he understands everything. He' at all times reliable," showing deep affection for his simplest son. 

Donghyun answered to his father's affections with, "When my dad takes day offpaintings I pass on trips with him and also speak amongst him a lot. I sought after to lend him strength." Turns out like Kim Gu Ra has a son he may also be proud of! 

Jun Ji Hyun Welcomes A Healthy Little one Boy To Her Family

News via koreaboo.com
Jun Ji Hyun Welcomes A Healthy Little one Boy To Her Family

In addition to being some of themost sensible actresses and CF items in Korea, Jun Ji Hyun can now uploadmom to her long list of accomplishments. Upon news of her sons birth, fans and netizens alike sent congratulatory messages to the actress, and masses of accept already expected the boy to grow up tall and good-lookingthank you to his oldstersawesome genes.

Koreaboo has accumulated reactions from Netizens who commented at thelong-established article from our Korean source. The underneath comments are the preferred comments at the time of this article being published.

Netizens Hopeful For Wonder Girls’ Long run As They Celebrate Their 9th Anniversary

News via koreaboo.com
Netizens Hopeful For Wonder Girls’ Long run As They Celebrate Their 9th Anniversary

The JYP Entertainment group took to the V App to celebrate with fans, creating a wish with a cake as they chatted with audiencethru a reside stream. As netizens congratulated the girls on nine years as a group, many enthusiasts also thanked the crowd for nine years of serious music, and expressed their needs for any other comeback in 2016.

Koreaboo has accrued reactions from Netizens who commented at theusual article from our Korean source. The underneath comments are the maximumneatly liked comments at the time of this article being published.

1335, 57 I cant accept as true with its already been nine years since they debuted. Thank you for giving us fans such amazing songs for this type of long time. Im expecting your comeback and your long run comebacks as well!

Netizens CONTINUE To CRITICIZE Goo Hara After News Of Upcoming Drama Role

News via koreaboo.com
Netizens CONTINUE To CRITICIZE Goo Hara After News Of Upcoming Drama Role

Although fanatics were already hesitant to give a spice up to Goo Hara in her acting ventures after she signed with acting agency Key East Entertainment, netizens couldnt cling back their criticisms after it used to be announced that she weresolid as the lead role in the upcoming KBS drama. As smartly as mocking her acting skills, many netizens argued that if she sought after to transition from being an idol to an actor, the former KARA member mustas a substituteget started off with a supporting role rather thanthe use of her call to paintings her way into a lead role appropriate off the bat.

Koreaboo has amassed reactions from Netizens who commented at thenormal article from our Korean source. The beneath comments are the maximum well liked comments at the time of this article being published.

8139, 306 Whenever youactuallywish to act seriously begin from the ground dont use your reputation and just glancefor large roles. Thats why other folks like you'reat all times criticized

Netizens Compliment EXID Claiming They’re Just right At “EVERYTHING” After Several New Years Victories

News via koreaboo.com
Netizens Compliment EXID Claiming They’re Just right At “EVERYTHING” After Several New Years Victories

In addition to winning two gold medals in the Idol Athletic Championships as a group, member Solji was once also victorious at the Lunar New Year duet festival, where she won first positionregardless ofthe harsh competition. At the within track of all this success, netizens cheered on EXID, noting that 2016 looks to be a large year for the crowd already despite just having begun.

Koreaboo has gathered reactions from Netizens who commented at thelong-established article from our Korean source. The underneath comments are the preferred comments at the time of this article being published.

Girls' Generation Sooyoung And Yuri Will Graduate Along Park Shin Hye

News via kdramastars.com
Girls' Generation Sooyoung And Yuri Will Graduate Along Park Shin Hye

"When I first got here to school, I used to be like Jang Geu Rae from the internet comics and K-Drama "Misaeng," stated Sooyoung, an interview supplied to the Chung-Ang school newspaper. I had mind like 'school is hard' and 'my palsshould have readyso muchearlier than coming to school. I keep in mindlooking to catch with my friends, like Jang Geu Rae."

The K-pop idol and actress spoke definitely about her transition all the manner through collegewhile equating her trajectory to the nature of Geu Rae, who become thrust into an internship with few purposefultalents and a high-school equivalency degree.

As up to now reported, Park Shin Hye started her instructionalinterests at the school in 2008but was not able to promptly whole her degree, because of her rigorous acting schedule, which incorporated roles in "You're Beautiful," "The Heirs" and "Pinocchio."

Dal Shabet to wrap up promotions for 'Someone Like You'

News via allkpop.com
Dal Shabet to wrap up promotions for 'Someone Like You'

Their agency publishedthat they are going to be conserving a fan signing and mini fan assemblymatch on February 14 at the U-Plex Jade Corridor as a conclusion to their promotion. They had up to now been diligent at meeting up with their loversthru events, causing the fans to choice an encore fan signing event, so the ladies are obliging. A sweet way to end promotions, right?

Happy Face Entertainment explained, "The Dal Shabet members' love for their fans is huge. The agency also were givena giant number of requests for a fan signing event. After speaking alongside the members, we made a decision it turned intogreat to be with the fans for the end of their promotions, so we determined on having a mini fan meeting."

Afterwards, though, you'll be in a position to get to look them soon, surely, because they revealed that they're going toget startedrunning on a new album!

The 8 FAKEST Smiles Wear By way of K-Pop Idols That Make Netizens CRINGE

News via koreaboo.com
The 8 FAKEST Smiles Wear  By way of K-Pop Idols That Make Netizens CRINGE

Mirs imageoffers me goosebumpsWhat the heck is Jessica doing..Andy ㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋTheses are so old yet they still crack me upJessica smiled like that after Nam Sangmis wink smile used to bea subject but she doesnt do it anymoreIt is often adependancyThan why has she stopped? It became thence intendedㅋㅋㅋㅋㅋ so cringey Source: Daum Cafe