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East Sea has stronger legitimacy than Sea of Japan

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East Sea has stronger legitimacy than Sea of Japan

College students take part in a campaign at Gwanghwamun Square in central Seoul early this month to promote the East Sea ahead of the International Hydrographic Organization's general meeting in Monaco April 23-27. The organization will determine how to describe the body of water between the Korean Peninsula and Japan in the world's most creditable guideline for maps./ Korea Times file

Long-festering naming controversy to be debated in IHO meeting next week

"Until the East Sea's waves are dry, Mt. Baekdu are worn away, as God protects our land, our Korea lasts forever, manse!..." This is part of the Korean national anthem "Aegukka".

The "East Sea" ("Donghae" in Korean) is mentioned in the first line of "Aegukka", literally meaning an ode to Koreans' patriotism. The East Sea is not just a body of water - it is the history of Korea, the soul of Koreans. So, it's not up for geographical appellation debate.

The East Sea, or the "Sea of Japan?" What to call the body of water bordered by Korea, Japan and Russia remains controversial. The Republic of Korea insists on the East Sea, while Japan claims it's the Sea of Japan.

Koreans have called the waters the East Sea for about 2,000 years, as seen in their national anthem, according to historical documents. The Sea of Japan has been in use since the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), a body in charge of naming the oceans and seas, used the name in its first edition of "Limits of Oceans and Seas" in 1929. The long-festering controversy will again be debated in an IHO general meeting in Monaco from April 23 to 27.

In general, geographical names reflect the history, culture, lifestyle and philosophy of the people who use them. The name East Sea is no exception. The East Sea, a name deeply rooted in the lives of the Korean people, first appears in a historical document dating back to as early as 59 B.C. In the "History of the Three Kingdoms" ("Samguksagi", ), the name East Sea was used in a chapter on King Dongmyeong, the founder of Goguryeo (one of the three ancient kingdoms in Korea). This proves that the name East Sea dates back more than 2,000 years, 1,700 years before the first appearance of the name Sea of Japan in "Mappamondo", a publication by Italian missionary Matteo Ricci in 1602.

Historically, the East Sea has been an integral part of Korean history. It's not up for a matter of debate.

It has a stronger claim over the Sea of Japan. A noteworthy example of the use of the name East Sea is the inscription on the stele of King Gwanggaeto of the Goguryeo Kingdom in 414 A.D. Since the territory of Goguryeo at that time extended as far as Manchuria in China, the name East Sea encompassed the waters not only east of the Korean Peninsula but east of the entire Eurasian continent as well. The stele was erected by King Jangsu in 414 A.D. in memory of the great work of his father, King Gwanggaeto of the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 B.C.-668 A.D.).

Nowadays, many of the world's prominent cartographers and the media are beginning to recognize the validity of the name East Sea, and have moved away from the single use of Sea of Japan to the concurrent use of both names.

In some cases they even use only the name East Sea. In this view, the single use of Sea of Japan is problematic. Such trends suggest growing support and understanding for the name East Sea in the international community.

Japan is also starting to acknowledge that many prominent mapmaking companies are changing from the single use of Sea of Japan to the concurrent use of both names. Studies carried out by Japan and Korea respectively show that maps using both names concurrently are on the rise, increasing from 2.8 percent in 2000 to 10.8 percent (18.1 percent in the case of commercial maps) in 2005, followed by 23.8 percent in 2007 and then to 28.07 percent in 2009. These can be confirmed in such materials as booklets by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs called "Sea of Japan" (2002) and "A Historical Overview of the Name 'Sea of Japan'" and surveys by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea in 2007 and 2009.

According to Dr. David Munro, a British scholar of toponymy, geographical names are an expression of perceptions of a place, a means of communication about that place and a way of referencing. Since geographical names are a part of the lives of the people who use them, it is common practice to give the highest priority to the names used by local people when deciding on a name for international use.

More in favor of East Sea

Lying between Korea and Japan and extending north toward Russia, the area in question includes the territorial waters and exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of the countries encircling it. In other words, several countries share jurisdiction and sovereign rights over the sea. Furthermore, the body of water falls within the definition of a "semi-enclosed sea" as set out in the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea. A "semi-enclosed sea" is a gulf, basin or sea surrounded by two or more states and connected to another sea or the ocean by a narrow outlet or consisting entirely or primarily of the territorial seas and exclusive economic zones of the two or more coastal states.

When two or more countries share a geographical feature, its designation is generally standardized through consultations between the countries concerned. If efforts to standardize it fail, however, the names used by each of the countries are used concurrently. This general rule of international cartography is also confirmed in the IHO Technical Resolution A4.2.6. adopted in 1974 and the United Nations Resolution in the Standardization of Geographical Names III/20 adopted in 1977.

International Hydrographic Organization Technical Resolution A4.2.6 International Standardization of Geographical Names (1974) states:

"It is recommended that when two or more countries share a given geographical feature (such as a bay, strait, channel or archipelago) under a different name form, they should endeavor to reach an agreement on fixing a single name for the feature concerned. If they have different official languages and cannot agree on a common name form, it is recommended that the name forms of each of the languages in question should be accepted for charts and publications unless technical reasons prevent this practice on small scale charts, e.g. English Channel/La Manche".

Japan has continuously put forward a false argument that the name Sea of Japan has been authorized by the United Nations. However, it is the United Nations Secretariat, not the United Nations itself that uses Sea of Japan. This is merely a practice of convenience, which is not relevant to the opinions of the 193 member states of the United Nations. The U.N. Secretariat uses Sea of Japan in accordance with a practice to use the most widespread and generally recognized denomination in the absence of an internationally agreed standard. However, the U.N. Secretariat has clarified that its use of Sea of Japan does not constitute an official position of the United Nations but rather a practice of the Secretariat.

Furthermore, it emphasized that the practice should not be interpreted as advocating or endorsing any party's position, and can in no way be invoked by any party in support of a particular position on the matter. Therefore, Japan's argument is obviously a misleading interpretation of the U.N. Secretariat's practice and is clearly false.

More than half of the IHO's working group on the standardization of geographical names rejected a proposal to name the 978,000-square-kilometer area the Sea of Japan. The working group is made up of experts from 27 of the intergovernmental consultative organization's 80 member countries.

The chairman of the IHO working group recently asked its 27 members, including the United States and China, to give their opinion on a compromise deal, which would name it the Sea of Japan and use the East Sea as an alternative name in the appendix.

In this regard, it was confirmed that slightly more than half of them expressed their disapproval for the proposal. China has indirectly expressed its displeasure with the suggestion, saying the "decision should be reached through a consensus". France and Australia have reportedly expressed strong support for Korea's demand to use both the East Sea and Sea of Japan to refer to the body of water.

The appellation Sea of Japan is a legacy of Tokyo's brutal 35-year colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula, which ended in 1945 upon its defeat in World War II. Japan is believed to have begun to refer to the disputed area as the Sea of Japan in the late 18th century. It has been the dominant name for the body of water in the past century as it was commonly adopted by cartographers during the Japanese colonial rule of Korea. It is nonsensical to name a sea surrounded by four countries after only one of them.

Some experts have said that is common to name the body of water after the land on the left side of the sea, which in this case would be Korea, or the Sea of Korea, according to Philip Iglauer, an expert well versed in the appellation of oceans and seas. We live in a postcolonial world and we need postcolonial sensitivity.

Park Chang-seok is a research fellow of the Korea Institute of Public Administration (KIPA) under the Prime Minister's Office. Park, a former managing editor of The Korea Times and a Kyung Hee University professor, is currently working on a book titled "Korean Maritime Sovereignty'' planned to be published around the end of this year.

Song Triplets Sing their own praises “The Go back of Superman” Diplomas From Fans

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Song Triplets Sing their own praises “The Go back of Superman” Diplomas From Fans

Song Triplets Sing their own praises “The Go back of Superman” Diplomas From Fanatics ilmare42 Would possibly 30, 2016 0 Song Il Gook’s adorable triplets have printed the diplomas they gained from fans for “graduating” from “The Return of Superman”!

Daehan, Minguk, and Manse joined “The Return of Superman” with their dad, actor Song Il Gook, in July of 2014, and they stole the hearts of audiencecorrect away. They left the prove on February 7 of 2016, yet fans have happily still been in a position to stay along of them by method of their dad’s Instagram updates.

On May just 30, Song Il Gook shared footage of the menkeeping up commencement diplomas given to them by capability of a fan club. Each and every of the triplets has a degree alongside their call on it, with the text under reading, “We provide this graduation diploma to the kid above with our boundless thank you for giving laughter and joy not tobest the country but also other folksall throughthe sectorvia their angelically beautiful, lovely, and candy words and actions.”

Watch: Topp Dogg Tests Their K-Pop Wisdom With One 2d Song Problem On “Topp Dogg: All Kill”

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Watch: Topp Dogg Tests Their K-Pop Wisdom With One 2d Song Problem On “Topp Dogg: All Kill”

Watch: Topp Dogg Tests Their K-Pop Wisdom amongst One 2nd Song Difficulty On “Topp Dogg: All Kill”ilmare42 Might 30, 2016 0 On the newest episode of “Topp Dogg: All Kill,” the individuals of Topp Dogg are tested on their K-Pop savvy!

Soompiers could also beconversant in our vintage One-Second K-Pop Song Challenges! In Can also 30’s episode of “Topp Dogg: All Kill,” the guys are split into groups to play a edition of the game in order to win ingredients for a cooking challenge, with leader P-Goon as the MC.

When one second of a K-Pop song is played, the members need to run to grasp a seat in the chair at the front and then try to bet the call of the track.

An Infinity of Possibilities: BTS’ “Save Me”

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An Infinity of Possibilities: BTS’ “Save Me”

An Infinity of Possibilities: BTS Save MeWritten by way of Irteqa On Would possibly 30, 2016To the elation of anticipant BTS lovers (including myself) over the globe, the evening of Could 15th saw BigHit Entertainment reveal the stratospheric boy group’s ultimate MV of the 3 that were promised. Following April 19ths Epilogue: Young All the time and May additionally 1sts Fire, “Save Me” used to be unveiled in birthday celebrationin their special album The Most lovely Moment in Life: Young Forever and the finish of their chart-busting “youth” trilogy, The MaximumGorgeous Moment in Life.

“Save Me” as a song is relatively freshly conceived with its safari-like instrumentals, steeped in electronica, mysteriously emotive lyrics, and stable projection of either the vocal and rap lines. At the similar fourth dimension the song caters to a crisp and recent audio and feel, however, it falters with regards toproviding musical diversity. Hearth (as a song) when in comparison to salve Me turned intoready to prop itself up and assignment musical intensity by applying its lively bridge and the numerous beats and ad-libs that in the end gave it a pleasing variance.

Meanwhile as a MV, “Save Me” might now notprecisely exist what fans were expecting, given the nature of beyond BTS tune videos (professedly subject to unending theories). Yet IT opens a window in terms of offering fans the danger to formulate their own conclusion, given the BOY MEETS _ ambiguity following the end of the MV. In other words, its starkness and ease translate to an international of possibility, in which fans are the given entire reign and the ability to either unearth, bury, re-plant, or sever the flower that started at I want U. “Save Me” is for sureclever and whilstit should flounder in the eyes of those that expected an illustrious finishing to the type of popular trilogy, its cleanness is large and creates a uniquearea for imaginations of every kind to roam and run.

Here's The total Artist Line-Up For JYP Country In Korea 2016 Concert This August

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Here's The total Artist Line-Up For JYP Country In Korea 2016 Concert This August

(Photo : Jo Kwon Instagram)Mark your calendars, JYP lovers in South Korea!

Artists from the preferred entertainment firmcould beacting in Jamsil Indoor Stadium at the first weekend of August -- that is August 6 and seven - as a phase of the biennial JYP Nation concert series.

A new poster for the JYP Nation in Korea 2016 concert publishedthe overall artist line-up, adding J.Y. Park, veteran ladystaff Wonder Girls, Jo Kwon, 2PM, Min, Fei, Baek A Yeon plus the more youthful acts like Park Ji Min, GOT7, Bernard Park, G.Soul, DAY6 and TWICE.

Watch: U-KISS Stocks Sneak Peek Of Comeback With MV Teaser For “Stalker”

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Watch: U-KISS Stocks Sneak Peek Of Comeback With MV Teaser For “Stalker”

Watch: U-KISS Stocks Sneak Peek Of Comeback With MV Teaser For Stalkerilmare42 Might 30, 2016 0 U-KISS has dropped the music video teaser for their much-anticipated comeback with “Stalker”!

The workforce has been getting fanaticsequipped for their comeback with loads ofsymbol teasers, and at May just 31 at the hours of darkness KST, they added to the thrill with the track video teaser for their upcoming identify track Stalker.

U-KISS can be making their go back on June 7 with their 11th mini album, entitled “Stalker.” We’ve still were givenquite so much of teasers to go, as we willsit up for the free up of still cuts from the music video on June 1, a track list on June 2, an album spotlight medley on June 6, and more.

Watch: f(x)’s Luna Needs To “Free Somebody” In Solo Debut MV

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Watch: f(x)’s Luna Needs To “Free Somebody” In Solo Debut MV

Watch: f(x)’s Luna Needs To UnfastenedSomeone In Solo Debut MVilmare42 Might 30, 2016 0 f(x)’s Luna has made her long-awaited solo debut!

On Could 31 in the dark KST, Luna dropped her first solo mini album entitled “Free Somebody,” in addition the tune video for the name track of the same name. “Free Somebody” is an electronic pop dance track that showcases either Luna’s impressive vocal talents as neatly as her dancing talents.

She could be making her solo debut functionalityvia filming KBS 2TV’s “Yoo Hee Yeol’s Sketchbook” on May also 31 for the episode that’s set to air on June 3. She can then be performing at KCON France in conjunction with f(x) on June 2. After Luna returns to Korea, she’ll be appearing on June 4’s episode of MBC’s “Music Core.”

Watch: FIESTAR Is good Like “Apple Pie” In Comeback MV

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Watch: FIESTAR Is good Like “Apple Pie” In Comeback MV

Showing a more playful aspect of the usually sensual FIESTAR, Apple Pie is an energetic synth pop number with witty lyrics encouragedby capacity of Snow White and the tale of Adam and Eve. The catchy dance track used to be created by an globalteam of producers working with Marcan Entertainment, who prior to now put out hits like Taeyeons I, EXOs Love Me Right, and Red Velvets Dumb Dumb, whilst the lyrics were penned by leading songwriter Search engine optimization Ji Eum.

Watch: Henry Gifts Enthusiasts With Passionate Quilt Of Zayn’s “Pillowtalk”

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Watch: Henry Gifts Enthusiasts With Passionate Quilt Of Zayn’s “Pillowtalk”

Watch: Henry Gifts Lovers alongside Passionate Quilt Of Zayn’s “Pillowtalk”ilmare42 Would possibly 30, 2016 0 Great Junior-M member Henry has shocked fans with a present of a new cover video!

On Could 30, SM Entertainment uploaded a video of Henry passionately appearing Zayn’s “Pillowtalk” in a studio whilstgambling the piano. His smooth, robust comprehend of the songis certain to come up with goosebumps!

Henry is a skilled Canadian performer who debuted with Super Junior’s Chinese sub-unit Super Junior-M in 2008. He later made his solo debut in Korea in June of 2013 with his first mini album “Trap, which he followed up with a 2d mini album entitled “Fantastic” in July of 2014.

Hwang Jeong-min Continues String of Box-Office Successes

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Actor Hwang Jeong-min attracted some 50 million moviegoers over the past 18 months, as maximum of his contemporarymotion picturesbecomelarge box-office hits or were praised via critics whilst achieving some minor advertisement success. Hwang played diversified characters in films reminiscent of "Ode to My Father" (2014), "Veteran" (2015), "The Himalayas" (2015), "A Violent Prosecutor" (2015) and "The Wailing" (2016). His most modern film, "The Wailing", is a mystery set in a village where the arriving of a stranger is followed by a string of mysterious murders. The movie attracted more than five million audience in its first two weeks. "I'm at all timesanxious when shooting begins, yet one immerse myself in roles quickly", Hwang said. "I put all my power into a character, so it issimple to get over excited after shooting is done".Asked what makes him stay working, Hwang said, "Portraying a new personawill also be agonizing, but or not it's energizing and makes me feel alive. I am happiest when I'm working".The prolific actor is already running on multiple new projects, adding Ryoo Seung-wan's film "Battleship Island" set to be released later this year.

BTS Announces Plans For 2016 Anniversary Festa Jam-Packed With Gifts For Fans

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BTS Announces Plans For 2016 Anniversary Festa Jam-Packed With Gifts For Fans

BTS Announces Plans For 2016 Anniversary Festa Jam-Packed With Gifts For Fanatics ilmare42 Might 30, 2016 0 BTS’s 3rd debut anniversary is bobbing up in just a couple weeks, and the gang has now announced that they’ll be celebrating with ARMY again this year with any other “BTS Festa”!

On May just 30, the staff released a poster for their “2016 BTS Festa,” which functionspractically a complete two weeks of special gifts for fans on a day-to-day basisthrumore than a fewother platforms.

It’s all going to get started with an “Opening Ceremony” by the use of a blog on June 1, with a different choreography functionalityday after today on YouTube and Naver’s V app, the unlock of a photo album on June 3 via Facebook, and the group’s 0.33 anniversary “family photo” on June 4.